Items of Interest

Global Status of Phosphate Bans in Dishwash Detergent. For details. (pdf)

Road to Recovery Littered with Obstacles for James River

The James River Association (JRA) has released a report and analysis that gives the James River mixed health reviews, acknowledging that some progress had been made over the years, but also noted that the river still has a long way to go. For details.

Minnesota Legislature Assesses Phosphorus in State’s Water Bodies

“In response to public concern over eutrophication (nutrient enrichment of water bodies), the Minnesota Legislature directed the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency to assess phosphorus sources for the state’s water bodies. For details. (pdf)

Anti-Lead Chemical Changed in D.C. Water Plan

“The Environmental Protection Agency will now use phosphoric acid to treat DC-area water pipes in order to reduce lead levels in drinking water. For details.



European Chemical Industry Council report
The Swedish Report
The Phosphate Report
Phosphate Removal and Recovery Technologies
US EPA Publications
Nutrients and Their Impact on the Canadian Environment


Toxicological Review of Inorganic Phosphates (Food and Chemical Toxicology, Volume 39, Issue 8, Pages 759-786, August 2001).

European Chemical Industry Council (CEFIC) Scope Newsletter

The Scope Newsletter is produced by the European Sustainable Phosphorus Platform (ESPP). It provides information on the sustainable use of phosphates through recovery and recycling.

Phosphorus Removal and Recovery Technologies

Brett, S. ©Copyright Centre Européen d’Etudes sur les Polyphosphates E.V. , 1997 Selper Publications, Great Britain.

US EPA Publications

Design Manual: Phosphorous Removal, September 1987, EPA #: 625/1-87/001 NTIS#: PB95-232914 ERIC#: W587.

Nutrients and Their Impact on the Canadian Environment

Chambers, P-A. Guy, M., Roberts, E.S., Chariton, M.N., Kent, R., Gagnon, C., Grove, G., and Foster, N. 2001. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Environment Canada, Fisheries and Ocean Canada, Health Canada and Natural Resources Canada.

Other Resources

Phosphorus Chemistry
Developments in American Science

Walsh, E.N., Griffith, E.J., Monsanto Company, Parry, R.W., University of Utah, and Quin, L.D., University of Massachusetts (eds.). American Chemical Society Publications.

Summarizes the status of science in such areas as phosphorus in biology, phosphorus reaction mechanisms, stereochemistry, photochemistry of phosphorus compounds, applications of state-of-the-art NMR spectroscopy for phosphorus compounds, phosphorus compounds in flame retardants, insecticides, and synthesis. Offers theoretical, academic, and industrial applications of phosphorus chemicals and includes chapters from leading academic and industrial phosphorus chemists in both the U.S. and Canada.

Phosphorus Chemistry In Everyday Living

Toy, A.D.F. and Walsh, E.N. 1987. Phosphorus Chemistry in Everyday Living, 2nd Edition, American Chemical Society Publications, Washington, DC. [QD181.P1 T69]

Phosphorus and Phosphate Chemistry

Van Wazer, J. R. (ed.). 1958. Phosphorus and Its Compounds, Vol 1: Chemistry, Interscience Publishers, Inc. New York.

Van Wazer, J.R., (ed.). 1961. Phosphorus and Its Compounds. Volume II: Technology, Biological Functions and Applications. Interscience Publishers, Inc. New York, NY.

Additional Resources

Ash, M. and Ash, I. 1995. Handbook of Pharmaceutical Additives. Gower Publishing Limited. Hampshire, England.

Brose, E., Becker G. and Bouchain, W. 1996. Chemical Leavening Agents. Universitätsdruckerei und Verlag H. Schmidt. Mainz, Germany.

Deman, J.M. and Melnchyn, P. 1971. Symposium: Phosphates in Food Processing. AVI Publishing Company, Inc. Westport, CT.

Driessens, F.C.M. and Verbeeck, R.M.H. (eds.). Biominerals. 1990. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL.

Ellinger, R.H. 1972. Phosphates as Food Ingredients. CRC Press. Cleveland, OH.

Ellinger, R.H. 1972. Phosphates in Food Processing. In: CRC Handbook of Food Additives. T.E. Furia (ed.). CRC Press. Cleveland, OH. p. 617 to 780.

Emsley, J. 2000. The Shocking History of Phosphorus: A Biography of the Devil’s Element. Macmillan. London, England.

Gard, D.R., McKetta, J.J. and Cunningham, W.A., eds. 1990 Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design, Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York. Vol. 35, pp. 429 – 495.

Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. 1982. H.F. Mark, D.F. Othmer, C.G. Overberger, G.J. Seaborg (eds.) John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY.

Lampila, L.E. and Godber, J.P. 2001. Food Phosphates. In: Food Additives. A.L. Branen, P.M. Davidson, S. Salminen and J.H. Thorngate (eds.). Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York, NY. p. 809 to 896.

Mollins, R.A. 1991. Phosphates in Food. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL.

Processed Cheese Manufacture: A Joha Guide. 1989. H. Klostermeyer (ed.). BK Ladenburg. Ladenburg, Germany.

Related Links
Links provided below are to organizations and associations which may have more information regarding the subject of phosphates and/or the general topics of chemicals in foods and industry.

1. United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) –

2. National Service Center for Environmental Publications (NSCEP) –

3. American Water Works Association (AWWA) –

4. Fertilizer Institute –

5. Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) –

6. European Chemical Industry Council (CEFIC) Phosphoric Acid & Phosphates Producers Association (PAPA) –